ISSN 2413-5372, Certificate of state re-registration of КВ №25381-15321 ПР dated 01.07.2023.




The publication ethics of the journal meets the best international practices and standards of publishing scientific periodicals, in particular EASE Guidelines, Principles of Transparency and Best Practice in Scholarly Publishing, Publishing Ethics Resource Kit for Editors, COPE Guise idelines, ICMJE, and criteria and recommendations from DOAJ, Web of Science, Scopus.

Publication ethics also takes into account the provisions of all sections of the Editorial Policy of the journal.

The editorial board of the journal adheres to the following rules for supporting publication ethics:

  • compliance with the basic principles of the publication: scientific, objective, professional, and informational support of the most significant innovative research;
  • unconditional loyalty to all subjects of the creative process involved in the creation of the journal;
  • the use of double-blind peer review, the involvement of objective competent reviewers;
  • implementation of constant consultative work with authors aimed at fulfilling the requirements of international databases for the design and content of materials that are provided for publication.


Publication ethics consists of the following parts:

  1. Publish and share open data.
  2. Obligations and responsibilities of authors.
  3. Obligations and responsibilities of reviewers.
  4. Obligations and responsibilities of members of the editorial board (editors).
  5. Privacy statement.
  6. Funding source policy.
  7. Policy of impartiality.

The editors evaluate the content of the manuscripts for their scientific value, originality, and compliance with other policies of the journal, regardless of race, gender, sexual orientation, religious views, origin, citizenship, or political preferences of the authors.

  1. 1. Publish and share open data

We encourage the publication and sharing of open data in accordance with the Panton Principles and the FAIR Data Principles. Data can be published in a variety of ways, for example by storing data associated with the article in repositories, or as data files or packages that complement the article. The datasets must be placed in an appropriate trusted repository, and the associated identifier (URL or DOI) of the dataset (s) must be added to the article’s data resources section. References to datasets should also be added to the article reference list from the DOI (if any). If there is no dedicated data store, authors must store their datasets in a shared repository, such as Zenodo or similar.

  1. 2. Obligations and responsibilities of authors

By submitting the manuscript to the editors, the authors confirm their obligations and responsibilities in the following matters:

  • their articles will be published in the public domain under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0).
  • their manuscripts are original work, the manuscript has not been published before and has not been submitted for publication elsewhere.
  • the manuscript is submitted in competent Ukrainian or other languages (with the addition of a translation into Ukrainian) and formatted in accordance with the Recommendations for authors, which are posted in the Terms of Publication section;
  • they are familiar with and agreed to comply with all the requirements of the Publication Ethics and Editorial Policy, as well as joining the public agreements “On the provision of services for the publication of copyright articles” and the public agreement “On the provision of prepress services” by joining them, and all these requirements are met in the manuscript.
  • all mentioned authors made a significant contribution to the study and also agreed among themselves the procedure for identifying authors, as well as their contributions.
  • the authors indicate all the sources used in their manuscript.
  1. Obligations and responsibilities of reviewers
  • Reviewers are required to notify the editors of any conflicts of interest by the Conflict of Interest Policy
  • Reviewers should focus on the scientific quality of the manuscript as well as the overall style, which should be consistent with the best practice of clear and concise academic writing. If reviewers acknowledge that the manuscript needs editing, they should inform the authors and the editor of the report.
  • Reviewers are asked to check whether the manuscript is scientifically sound and clear, how interesting it is to the audience, and whether the quality of writing is acceptable. Reviewers are also asked to note which articles they find particularly interesting or meaningful.
  • In case of serious discrepancies between reviews or between authors and reviewers, editors can evaluate them according to their experience or seek advice from a member of the editorial board of the journal.
  • During the second stage of the review (after corrections by the authors), the thematic editor may ask the reviewer to evaluate the revised version of the manuscript, taking into account the reviewer’s recommendations submitted during the first stage of the review.
  • Reviewers are asked to be polite and constructive in their reports. Messages that may be offensive or uninformative will be deleted.
  • Review of the original author’s manuscripts is carried out confidentially, all received manuscripts and related materials should be kept confidential by the reviewer to avoid access to them by third parties.
  • Reviewers, when reviewing manuscripts, should identify relevant published work that the authors have not cited and that reviewers are aware of. Reviewers should also draw the attention of editors to any significant similarities or coincidences between the manuscript in question and any other published article they are aware of.
  • Reviewers should check the article for compliance with the requirements, restrictions, and prohibitions provided for by the Law of Ukraine “On Media.”
  • Reviewers should refrain from using any of the authors’ ideas read in the manuscript.
  • If the peer-reviewed article does not correspond to the field of expertise of the reviewer, they should immediately notify the editorial board.
  • Reviewers are obliged to notify the editorial board of any suspicious scientific unfair violation, as well as any other violation of publication ethics and editorial policy.
  1. Obligations and responsibilities of members of the editorial board (editors)
  • Members of the editorial board are responsible for the scientific quality of published articles and make decisions only based on the importance, originality, clarity, and compliance of the publication with the subject area, they are obliged to treat the authors and their scientific orientation respectfully and correctly, maintain editorial secrecy, prevent dishonesty and bias in the processing of materials;
  • Editors should ensure that all scientific research articles comply with international ethical principles and the requirements of Publication Ethics and Editorial Policy, and avoid any conflicts of interest between authors, reviewers, and members of the editorial board. Editors are obliged to prevent the publication of materials if they have no scientific value, do not correspond to the subject of the journal, contradict its editorial policy, contain plagiarism, or were previously published in other publications.
  • Editors should not reject articles based on suspicion, without evidence of improper behavior of the author (s), editors cannot correct the author’s text on their own without the consent of the authors of the final version of the text after making editorial changes.
  • Editors are obliged to ensure the involvement of objective and competent reviewers, apply the practice of double (blind) peer review, and maintain the anonymity of reviewers if the latter does not decide to disclose their identity.
  • The editorial board, in accordance with Article 4 of the Law of Ukraine “On the Basic Principles of State Policy in the Field of Approval of Ukrainian National and Civil Identity” dated 13.12.2022 No. 2834-IX and Article 36 of the Law of Ukraine “On Media” dated 13.12.2022 No. 2849-IX, takes measures to eliminate the influence of the aggressor state (occupying state) in the information, educational, cultural spheres of Ukraine.

The editors reserve the right to reject manuscripts without review if:

  1. the author (s) have an affiliation with an organization or institution located on the territory of the aggressor state, the state sponsoring terrorism;
  2. research funded by an organization or institution located on the territory of the aggressor state, state sponsor of terrorism;
  3. the study is based on the conclusions/results obtained by the authors affiliated with the organization or institution located on the territory of the aggressor state, a state sponsor of terrorism (as evidenced by the relevant sources used in the study), without proper justification of their uniqueness and originality and significance in world science, the specific significance for the research proposed for publication;
  4. the study pays unreasonably significant attention to the conclusions/results of studies that contain and/or reflect subjective assessments and/or opinions of the author (s) regarding Ukrainian statehood and/or independence, distort historical events, and/or the Ukrainian language or national identity.
  5. The manuscript of the article contains other violations of the requirements of the Law of Ukraine “On Media,” in particular regarding:
  6. distribution of statements inciting discrimination or harassment against individuals and their groups based on ethnic and social origin, citizenship, race, religion and beliefs, age, sex, sexual orientation, gender identity, disability, or other grounds;
  7. dissemination of propaganda about the use of narcotic drugs, and psychotropic substances;
  8. dissemination of animal cruelty propaganda;
  9. distribution of instructions or advice on the manufacture, acquisition, or use of explosive, narcotic, or psychotropic substances;
  10. dissemination of information denying or justifying the criminal nature of the communist totalitarian regime of 1917-1991 in Ukraine, the criminal nature of the National Socialist (Nazi) totalitarian regime, creates a positive image of persons who held senior positions in the Communist Party (post of secretary of the district committee and above), the highest authorities and management of the USSR, USSR (USSR), other union and autonomous Soviet republics (except in cases related to the development of Ukrainian science and culture)employees of Soviet state security agencies, justifies the activities of Soviet state security agencies, the establishment of Soviet power on the territory of Ukraine or in certain administrative-territorial units, the persecution of participants in the struggle for the independence of Ukraine in the 20th century;
  11. dissemination of information containing symbols of the Communist or National Socialist (Nazi) totalitarian regime, except in cases provided for by the Law of Ukraine “On the condemnation of the Communist and National Socialist (Nazi) totalitarian regimes in Ukraine and the prohibition of propaganda of their symbols”;
  12. dissemination of information that humiliates or despises the state language;
  13. dissemination of information that can harm the physical, mental, or moral development of children;
  14. violation of the requirements of the legislation of Ukraine regarding the form, marking, the order of distribution (distribution), sources, and procedure for financing campaigning, other restrictions determined by the legislation for campaigning in the media during elections and referendums, as well as violation of the requirements of the legislation of Ukraine regarding the participation of the media in the information support of elections and referendums;
  15. coverage of the activities of the authorities of the aggressor state (occupant state) in information and information-analytical programs without being accompanied by a message about the status of the aggressor state (occupant state);
  16. dissemination of calls for violent change, overthrow of the constitutional order of Ukraine, unleashing or waging an aggressive war or military conflict, violation of the territorial integrity of Ukraine, liquidation of Ukraine’s independence, information that justifies or promotes such actions;
  17. distribution of statements inciting hatred, enmity, or cruelty to individuals or their groups on national, racial, or religious grounds;
  18. dissemination of propaganda or calls for terrorism and terrorist acts, information justifying or endorsing such actions;
  19. dissemination of information containing propaganda of the Russian totalitarian regime, armed aggression of the Russian Federation as a terrorist state against Ukraine, as well as symbols of the military invasion of the Russian totalitarian regime, except for cases provided for by the Law of Ukraine “On the prohibition of propaganda of the Russian Nazi totalitarian regime, armed aggression of the Russian Federation as a terrorist state against Ukraine, symbols of the military invasion of the Russian Nazi totalitarian regime in Ukraine”;
  20. dissemination of information that highlights the armed aggression against Ukraine as an internal conflict, civil conflict, or civil war, if the result is incitement of enmity or hatred or calls for violent change, overthrow of the constitutional order, or violation of territorial integrity;
  21. dissemination of inaccurate materials on armed aggression and acts of the aggressor state (occupier state), its officials, persons, and organizations controlled by the aggressor state (occupier state), if the consequence of this is incitement to enmity or hatred or calls for violent change, overthrow of the constitutional order or violation of territorial integrity.

5.Privacy statement.

  • The editors use the personal information of authors, reviewers, editors, and other persons registered on the journal’s website (names and email addresses) only for verification, review, and/or publication of articles and do not transfer it to any other party.
  • The editors recognize that all materials sent to the journal are private and confidential property of the authors. To avoid harm to authors or reviewers due to premature disclosure of any information from the author’s original article, it is forbidden to share any details of the submitted articles or reports on peer review with third parties.
  • All editors and reviewers involved in the editorial process should not disclose the content of the author’s original article (in general or any part), status in the review process, comments and suggestions of reviewers, as well as intermediate or final results of the review to anyone other than the authors and reviewers. Any requests from third parties to use or transmit the originals submitted for publication in the Journal will be rejected by the editors.
  • The editors ensure the confidentiality of reviewers in the process of double-blind peer review.
  • All employees involved in the editorial process should refrain from making any comments and not publicly disclose any details of the editorial process, the review process in preparation for publication, and after publication of the article.
  • The editors do not keep copies of rejected manuscripts. Reviewers’ comments may not be published or made public in any other way without the permission of the reviewer, author, and responsible editor.
  • The names and email addresses specified in this journal will be used solely for the purposes declared by this journal and will not be available for other purposes or to other persons.
  • Data collected from registered and unregistered users of this journal are subject to the standard operating procedure of peer-reviewed journals. They include information that provides communication for the editorial process; and are used to inform readers about authorship and content editing.
  • Authors published in this journal are responsible for the data on individuals who participated in the studies reported here.
  • Persons involved in editing this journal undertake to comply with industry standards for data privacy, including the provisions of the European Union General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) on the “rights of data subjects,” which include:

(a) notice of the breach;

(b) the right of access;

(c) the right to be forgotten;

(d) data transfer;

(e) confidentiality as intended.

The GDPR also makes it possible to recognize the “public interest in data availability,” which is of particular importance for those involved in maintaining the maximum possible integrity of public records of scientific publications.

  1. Funding source policy.

Authors should identify the sources of funding used to create their manuscript, in particular for research and/or publication. The responsible author (corresponding author) notes information on the financial support of research by specific organizations on behalf of all authors during the submission of the article.

Other sources of support for publications should be indicated in the manuscript, usually in the form of gratitude (for example, for financing payment for translation, language editing of an article, etc.).

  1. Policy of impartiality.

Editors and reviewers evaluate the content of manuscripts for their scientific value, originality, and compliance with other policies of the journal, regardless of race, gender, sexual orientation, religious views, origin, citizenship, or political preferences of the authors or any other personal characteristics of the authors.


Editors and reviewers evaluate the content of manuscripts for their scientific value, originality, and compliance with other policies of the journal, regardless of race, gender, sexual orientation, religious views, origin, citizenship, or political preferences of the authors or any other personal characteristics of the authors.



The journal authorship policy complies with COPE, Elsevier, and EASE rules and guidelines.

All individuals mentioned in the original article as authors are expected to have made significant contributions to the study.

All persons listed as authors must meet the authorship criteria (ISMJE 2022), in particular, they must:


  • make a significant contribution to the concept and methodology of the study, the collection, analysis, and interpretation of data;
  • participate in writing or finalizing the article in terms of its intellectual content;
  • be responsible for all aspects of the work related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the article;
  • approve the final version of the article.

The journal encourages authors to use the CrediT taxonomy. The editors do not limit the number of authors of a particular publication, it is the responsibility of the co-authors, who should be guided by the requirements outlined in this part for the definition of authorship and co-authorship.


It is not allowed to change the authors of the article at the stage of its consideration by the editorial board. In the event of a dispute between the authors regarding their contribution after submitting the article to the editors, the editors suspend work on the article until the corresponding notice from the authors about the final solution to all problems.

Three types of authorship are unacceptable:


  • authors – “ghosts” who do not make a significant contribution (often pay for the publication or are commercial sponsors of the publication);
  • authors – “guests” who do not make a significant contribution, but are indicated in the list of authors to increase the chances of publication;
  • “gifted” authors whose contribution is based solely on a weak affiliation with the study.

The procedure for placing authors in a publication should be based on a joint decision of the co-authors in accordance with the significance of the contribution of each author.

Individuals who participate in the study but do not meet the journal criteria for authorship must be listed as “Participants” or “Consultants.” For example: persons who helped in the study with advice, provided research space, supported financially, etc.

By submitting the manuscript of the article to the journal, the author certifies accession to the public contract “On the provision of services for the publication of author’s articles”



  • the manuscript does not violate the copyright of other persons or organizations;
  • the manuscript was not published earlier in other publishing houses and was not submitted for publication in other publications;
  • he received all the necessary permissions from the co-authors to transfer the manuscript to the editorial office.


The article is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License International CC-BY. The terms of this license do not affect the rights of the author or other creative artists to protect the integrity and ownership of their work.

The copyright for the layout of the magazine and the cover completely belongs to the editorial board of the journal.

All content is published in good faith, and the opinions expressed by the authors are only theirs and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Editorial Board.

The authors grant the editorial board of the journal a license to publish the article and identify themselves as the first publisher.



  • publication of the article in the original language and distribution of its printed version;
  • translate articles into English (for articles in Ukrainian) and distribute the printed version of the translation;
  • distribution of the electronic version of the article, as well as the electronic version of the English translation of the article (for articles in Ukrainian) through any electronic means (posting on the official website of the journal, in electronic databases, repositories, etc.).

In all cases, the presence of a bibliographic link to an article or a hyperlink to its electronic copy on the official website of the journal is mandatory.


The journal uses the personal data of the authors, taking into account the Statement of Privacy and Confidentiality.

The author, in accordance with the Law of Ukraine “On the Protection of Personal Data” as a subject of personal data, voluntarily, consciously, and unambiguously provides the Editors as the owner of personal data, consent to:

– processing of their data (Article 2 of the Law of Ukraine “On Protection of Personal Data”);

– the use of their data, including any actions of the owner of personal data regarding the processing of these data, actions to protect them, as well as actions to grant a partial or complete right to process personal data to other subjects of relations related to personal data. (Article 10 of the Law of Ukraine “On Personal Data Protection”);

– dissemination of their data, which provides for the actions of the owner of personal data regarding the transfer of information about an individual (Article 14 of the Law of Ukraine “On the Protection of Personal Data”);

– access of third parties to their data (Article 16 of the Law of Ukraine “On Personal Data Protection”).

The author confirms that he was duly notified of the purpose of processing his data, namely, the preparation for publication, review, editing, and publication of the manuscript in the journal “Herald of Criminal Justice,” in print and on the website of the publication, in social networks. The author confirms that the purpose and conditions for processing their data are clear and agree with them.

Personal data may be transferred to/from other electronic information resources solely for their processing (collection), without additional notification of the subject of personal data about such transfer.


Plagiarism – publication (partially or completely) of scientific (creative) results obtained by other persons as the results of their research (creativity) and/or reproduction of published texts (published works of art) of other authors without attribution (Article 42 of the Law of Ukraine “On Education”).

The original authors of articles submitted to this journal, which contain significant text borrowings from other articles, monographs, etc., without attribution, will be immediately rejected.

Editors necessarily check manuscripts for similarity of text with the help of iThenticate and Unicheck services, initiating reports (ïThenticate report and Unicheck report).

The journal provides reviewers with the mentioned reports for the final decision on the originality of the manuscript.

The publication (partially or completely) of one’s own previously published scientific results as new scientific results is self-plagiarism. Cases, where authors reuse large parts of their publications without a clear reference to the source, are considered duplication of publication.

To avoid this, when reusing the text from their previously published articles, the author (co-authors) must necessarily arrange this text as a quote with a corresponding sitting on the original source, to avoid misleading readers’ perception of the uniqueness of the new article.

In case of plagiarism, self-plagiarism, or duplication of publications during peer review and editorial processing, the editors reject the article without the right to re-submit. Manuscripts of articles in which, after checking for plagiarism by the Unichesk system and/or iThenticate, a significant percentage of text borrowings were found, the editors returned to the authors for revision.

In case of plagiarism, self-plagiarism, or duplication of publications in an already published article, an announcement will be made on the article page in the journal and the article recall procedure will be launched.


According to the provision of subparagraph 31 of paragraph 1 of Article 58 of the Law of Ukraine on Higher Education, “scientific-pedagogical, scientific and pedagogical workers are obliged:” to observe academic integrity in the educational process and scientific (creative) activity and ensure its observance by applicants for higher education. “

According to Article 42 of the Law of Ukraine “On Education,” “academic integrity is a set of ethical principles and rules defined by law that should guide participants in the educational process during learning, teaching and conducting scientific (creative) activities to ensure confidence in the results of learning and/or scientific (creative) achievements.”

Violations of academic integrity that can be identified during the editorial and publishing process are:

  • academic plagiarism – publication (partially or completely) of scientific (creative) results obtained by other persons as the results of their research (creativity) and/or reproduction of published texts (published works of art) of other authors without attribution;
  • self-plagiarism – the publication (partially or completely) of their own previously published scientific results as new scientific results;
  • fabrication – inventing data or facts used in the educational process or scientific research;
  • falsification – deliberate change or modification of existing data relating to the educational process or scientific research;
  • deception – providing knowingly false information about one’s own educational (scientific, creative) activity or organization of the educational process; forms of deception are, in particular, academic plagiarism, self-plagiarism, fabrication, falsification, and cheating by the authors.

All allegations of violation of academic integrity should be submitted to the editor-in-chief. In case of suspicion of violation of academic integrity, the editors-in-chief will act in accordance with the current legislation of Ukraine with the relevant COPE instructions and internal policies.

If reviewers or editors comment on a potential violation of academic integrity, authors will be asked to explain. If the explanations are satisfactory and the problem is the result of a mistake or misunderstanding, the problem can be easily solved. If not, the manuscript will be rejected or withdrawn, and the editors may prohibit the publication of such author (s) in the journal for a certain period.

If the allegations relate to authors, the process of reviewing and publishing their submissions will be stopped before the end of the specified process. An investigation will be conducted even if the authors withdraw the manuscript.

If the allegations relate to reviewers or editors, they will be replaced during the review process during the current investigation of the case.

For breaches of academic integrity, authors, reviewers, and/or editors may be held to the following academic responsibility:

  1. refusal to publish with the notification of the institution – the main affiliation of the author or reviewer regarding the violation of academic integrity revealed during the editorial process;
  2. deprivation of the editor, and reviewer of the right to participate in the work of the edition.

Violations of academic integrity do not include “honest mistakes” or differences of opinion.


The Criminal Justice Bulletin is an open-access journal, which means that all its content is available free of charge to all readers and their institutions under the Budapest Open Access Initiative. There is no fee for open access.

The editors support the recommendations of the BOAI20, and the UNESCO Recommendations on Open Access and make efforts to implement them in their activities.

All articles published in the public domain will be permanently available for reading, downloading, copying, and distribution under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution license (CC BY), which allows users to copy, create extracts, abstracts, and new works from an article, modify and redo the article and make commercial use of the article (including reuse and/or resale of the article by commercial entities), provided that the user provides the appropriate link (concerning the official publication through the relevant DOI), provides a link to the license, indicates if changes have been made and the licensor is not presented as approving the use of the work. The full text of the license can be found at


Editors are obliged to avoid any conflicts of interest between authors, reviewers, and members of the editorial board.

A conflict of interest arises if the persons involved in the editorial process are among themselves and business, professional, personal, or others who can potentially compromise them interfere with objectivity, or influence the resolution of issues related to publication. Conflicts of interest may also be related to employment, sources of funding, personal financial interests, membership in relevant organizations, or other circumstances that may cause bias and affect the decision-making of responsible persons.

During the editorial process, the following relationships between the chief and/or responsible editors, reviewers, and authors are a conflict of interest:

  • the author and the responsible editor and/or reviewer work in the same department or the same research group;
  • the author is a student, and the reviewer and/or editor is a teacher or supervisor.

When submitting an article, the author is obliged to report all possible conflicts of interest with the editors of the journal. The author identified by the co-authors as responsible for correspondence with the editors (corresponding author) must declare any conflicts of interest on behalf of all authors.


Once manuscripts are intended for review, reviewers are asked to notify the editor of any conflicts that may arise.


Editors should not edit or manage manuscripts in which they have any conflict of interest resulting from relationships or connections with any of the authors, or companies or institutions associated with the study.


Any statements about conflicts of interest made by authors, reviewers, or editors are considered by the executive editor and/or chief editor of the publication.


The editors of the magazine intend to promptly and constructively respond to all complaints. The editorial board and staff of the SCC journal will examine the specific case of the complaint according to its nature and complexity, and any decision made will take into account the recommendations provided by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).

Suggestions or complaints should be sent to the email address of the magazine. All notices will be reviewed within thirty business days. However, depending on the degree of complexity of the complaint, additional time will be required to complete the investigation of the case.

The complaint should be concise, and specific and contain enough data to demonstrate any possible violation of publication ethics. If possible, you should also provide additional documents confirming the specific requirement.

Personal complaints against authors, editors, reviewers, or the editorial board of the journal are answered with an indication of the reasons why the complaint was considered beyond the responsibility of the journal. In addition, the journal refrains from conducting an appropriate investigation when complaints are submitted in an insulting, threatening, or defamatory form.

Complaints regarding the scientific quality of the article, such as challenging a refusal to publish

In the appeal, the author must provide a detailed justification with responses to the comments of reviewers on points.

The editor-in-chief considers the arguments of authors and reviewers and makes one of the following decisions:

1) to refuse the applicant because of the groundlessness of the requirements outlined in the appeal;

2) satisfy the requirements outlined in the appeal;

The Complainant is informed of the decision with an explanation. Decisions on appeals are final and new submissions take precedence over appeals.

Complaint regarding the article review procedure (review time, etc.)

The editor-in-chief, along with the editor-in-chief, is investigating the case. The Complainant will be provided with appropriate feedback. The results of the case will be taken into account by the relevant stakeholders to improve the editorial and publishing processes.

Complaints about the ethics of publication, for example, the behavior of the author or reviewer

The Editor-in-Chief or Executive Editor must follow the guidelines of COPE, EASE, and publication ethics.

The final decision to refuse a complaint/appeal cannot be reversed or appealed. The editors do not correspond with the authors of the rejected manuscript after such a decision.


During discussions of the article after publication, shortcomings of already published articles may be identified, among which there may be significant and insignificant errors that were not identified or that could not be identified during the editorial process.

Editors are obliged to coordinate any changes to the text of the manuscript in the process of editorial and publishing preparation with the authors, in particular, the responsible author. As an exception, insignificant editorial corrections of the text regarding spelling and/or grammar are allowed for publication without the consent of the authors.

Changes and corrections

The journal adheres to Elsevier’s generally accepted rules and recommendations for correcting minor and significant errors in published materials.

Minor changes

Permissible and insignificant errors in a published article that do not affect its content or the scientific integrity of the study (for example, typographical errors, broken vocations, incorrect page numbers in article headings, etc.) can be corrected by publishing changes.

This is done by replacing the original PDF with the corrected PDF along with the correction notice in the Changes tab, detailing the errors and changes made to the original PDF.

The original PDF will be marked with a patch note and a reference to the corrected version of the patch article. The original PDF will also be archived and available by vocation in the same Modified tab.

Correction of significant errors

Corrections are published in the case when after publication in the article reveals significant errors that significantly affect the research integrity and content of the article.

The main reasons for publishing corrections are a change in authorship, unintentional errors in research results, errors in labeling tables and figures, etc.

Corrections are published in a separate publication and registered in their DOI.

The decision to publish errors or corrections is made by the chief editor after discussion with the authors and the responsible editor.


By the COPE Recall Guidelines followed by our journal, an article may be withdrawn for the following reasons:

  1. Unreliable conclusions based on clear evidence of misconduct (e.g. fraudulent use of data) or honest error (e.g. miscalculation or experimental error).
  2. Redundant publication, e.g. conclusions that have previously been published elsewhere without appropriate cross-referencing, permission or justification.
  3. Plagiarism or another type of unethical research, misconduct.

Recall Procedure

For the recall procedure, we use the EASE Retraction Form.

The recall should take place after the journal editors have carefully considered the appeals received from the editor (s), the author (s), or the reader (s). (For more information on the procedure for reviewing appeals, see. in the paragraph “Policy of complaints and appeals”

If there are reasonable concerns after the investigation, the authors involved will be contacted at their email addresses and given the opportunity to resolve the issue. Depending on the situation, this may result in the journal taking the following measures, including but not limited to:

  1. If the manuscript is still under review, it may be rejected and returned to the author.
  2. If the article is already published online, depending on the nature and severity of the violation:

– correction can be marked “Changes” (for example, experimental error or miscalculation),

– the article will be withdrawn and posted marked “Withdrawn.”

If, as a result of consideration of such an appeal, it turned out that:

  • conclusions are unreliable or made based on a significant error (for example, miscalculation or experimental error), or as a result of falsification (for example, manipulation of the image);
  • the text contains plagiarism;
  • conclusions were previously published elsewhere without proper reference to previous sources or disclosure to the editor, permission to re-publish, or justification (i.e. there is a case of duplication of publications);
  • the text contains materials or data without obtaining proper permission to use;
  • copyright infringement or other significant infringement of rights (e.g. defamation, breach of confidentiality, etc.);
  • the study is unethical;
  • the publication took place solely based on a compromised or manipulative review process;
  • the author (s) did not provide information to the editors about a significant conflict of interest, which, in the opinion of the editor-in-chief, could significantly affect the evaluation of the work or the recommendations of editors and reviewers.


In some cases, authors of an article subject to review by a journal may request a retraction of their manuscript. The corresponding request can be made only before the publication of the article. To review the manuscript, the authors should contact the editorial office of the journal with a letter containing a clear and understandable explanation of the reasons for the review. The letter must be concise and signed by all the authors of the article. The recalled manuscript will be completely deleted from the revision database.

Standard form for withdrawing publications:


The magazine develops various procedures aimed at ensuring constant access to content hosted on its servers:

  • Backup;
  • monitoring of technological aspects to prevent possible format conversions or outdated software;
  • digital storage metadata;
  • using digital object identifiers (DOIs).


In its activities, the editors are guided by the current legislation of Ukraine, regardless of the place of residence of the authors.

Under no circumstances shall the Journal Editorial Board or any natural or legal personinvolved in the creation, production, or distribution of the journal or its contents be liable under contract, tort (including negligence), or otherwise for any damages, including but not limited to direct, indirect, incidental, special, punitive, indirect, or similar damages, including but not limited to lost profits or revenues, lost use, or similar economic losses arising from the use or inability to use the contents of the journal.

The Journal shall under no circumstances be liable for any loss, damage, or cause of action arisiтg from the use or inability to use the contents of the Journal.

Legal, information discovered, identified, or obtained through the content of the journal is provided only for information and scientific purposes and cannot replace qualified advice of a professional in the field of law.

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